Articles | December 3, 2021
Get the health plan news you need for Q4 2021.
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Use of urgent care settings increased in Q4 2020 and remained higher than pre-pandemic levels through Q2 2021. In 2020, use of emergency rooms (ER) declined. Non-emergent ER care was most likely shifted to urgent care locations.
One fifth of the U.S. adult population has a mental health (MH) condition. Social determinants of health (SDOHs) play a major role in the development of MH. SDOHs are non-medical factors, such as socioeconomic status, race and ethnicity, education-level, age and gender as well as access to housing, food and transportation, that impact health. It’s important to evaluate how these factors influence MH in order to implement targeted, effective solutions. Addressing SDOHs can reduce health disparities and improve overall well-being.
During the pandemic, certain groups of individuals experienced worse MH because they were disproportionately impacted by SDOH experiences that drive psychological distress.
Racial and ethnic minorities are particularly vulnerable to poor MH. Rates of MH among racial minorities are lower, but persistence and severity are higher, compared to White populations. Additionally, minorities are less likely to get MH treatment. During the pandemic, minorities were more likely to experience food insecurity, housing insecurity and loss of income. Furthermore, minorities are more likely to live in places designated as health professional shortage areas and in regions without broadband. For these reasons, racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to experience psychological distress and lack access to MH care.
Youths also experienced worse MH during the pandemic. Studies show that the prevalence of anxiety and depression, as well as the proportion of MH-related ER visits, significantly increased among children and adolescents from 2019 to 2020. During the pandemic, Black and Hispanic children from lower-income households, or that attended school remotely rather than in person were more likely to experience MH challenges. Teachers and schools play a critical role in identifying MH among and providing MH services to youth. The distress brought on by the pandemic may have long-term MH consequences, specifically for younger generations, so it’s important to address their care needs now.
Here are several strategies for plan sponsors to address SDOHs and reduce barriers to and improve MH care:
Plan sponsors must move quickly to implement the No Surprises Act (Act) for plan years beginning on or after January 1, 2022. Payments for emergency services and out-of-network services may change significantly. Notices must be posted on plan websites and plan amendments must be adopted. Certain portions of the Act are delayed.
The Departments of Health and Human Services, Labor and Treasury released guidance stating that plan sponsors are allowed to offer wellness incentives to participants based on COVID-19 vaccination status. The incentives must satisfy the criteria for activity-only health-contingent wellness programs.
Learn more about this in our October 6 insight.
The IRS released guidance that clarifies how the extension of the national emergency impacts COBRA premium payment schedules.
See details in our October 19 insight.
This page is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal, tax or investment advice. You are encouraged to discuss the issues raised here with your legal, tax and other advisors before determining how the issues apply to your specific situations.